Nombre de messages : 7593
Localisation : Canada
Opinion politique : Indépendance totale
Loisirs : Arts et Musique, literature kréyòl
Date d'inscription : 02/03/2007
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Jeu de rôle: Maestro
|Sujet: Dapre teyori Trump, sitwayen anpil peyi ap bani Ozetazini. Ven 11 Nov 2016 - 11:45|| |
There are three names currently on the U.S. State Department's list of countries that sponsor terrorism: Iran, Syria and Sudan. As of just over a year ago, Cuba was on that list too.
The State Department also has a list of countries that are not outright sponsors of terrorism, but are still considered safe havens for extremist activities.
The list is fluid and updated frequently, but the latest agency ranking includes Iraq, Lebanon, Yemen, Mali, Mauritania, Somalia, Afghanistan and Pakistan.
This is where Trump's criteria gets tricky to pin down. The list of countries monitored by the State Department is not always clear-cut, often because terrorism by nature is not confined by borders.
An example would be al-Qaida, which made a global strategy out of setting up terror cells in different countries throughout a single region.
"The nature of terrorism completely confuses Trump's theory," Shank said. "The very act of terrorism is that it is not adhering to state boundaries."
The lack of clear boundaries becomes an issue in places like Paraguay and Brazil, where some communities are known to harbor extremist activity, but terrorism is not widespread throughout the country.
The same goes for Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines, where safe havens for terrorists are connected by sea.
Other questions arise when addressing countries like Colombia and Venezuela, which are on the State Department's radar because of guerrilla warfare, notably linked to the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia—People's Army, or FARC.
Foreign policy experts say as many as 70 countries could fall under Donald Trump's immigration and Muslim bans.
Foreign policy experts say as many as 70 countries could fall under Donald Trump's immigration and Muslim bans. Nick Kiray / NBC News
Trump has since emphasized that he wants to focus his ban on countries with a record of "Islamic terror."
However, even if Trump does narrow his focus, Thomas Wright, an expert in national security and U.S. alliances currently with the Brookings Institute, says that the proposal would still be "remarkably broad."
Key ally countries like the U.K., France, Belgium, Germany, India and Israel could easily fall into Trump's plan to restrict immigration from countries with a history of "Islamic terror," Wright said.
"The reason is that many Western countries have a record of indigenous jihadism from second generation citizens," he said in an email.
This issue of so-called "homegrown jihadism" has been a major factor in a string of recent terror attacks that have roiled Europe in recent years. Assailants, born in Western countries, would train with terror groups abroad and then return home to attack their fellow European citizens.
Western countries have battled this brand of extremism for years, seeking ways to de-escalate tensions from within before tragedy strikes. But would the U.S., under a Trump presidency, be willing to block off immigration from its closest allies?
This uncertainty extends to Trump's well-documented proposals to temporarily ban all Muslims from even traveling to the United States. There are 1.6 billion people who identify as Muslim worldwide, and more than 50 countries in the world where the majority of citizens are Muslim.
That figure doesn't even include other countries that have a smaller, yet still sizable share of Muslim citizens. Beyond the practical and legal issues linked to the ban — including difficulties in identifying a person's faith and the constitutional questions surrounding a religion test — what Trump is proposing is remarkable.
Trump has repeatedly waffled on sticking to the fine print of his ban, indicating that he would be open toward accepting certain Muslims into the U.S., but not others.
If Trump is serious about blocking out people from a huge portion of the globe, his potential presidency would likely once more place the United States in uncharted territory, at odds with not just allies but with its own supreme law.