Forum Haiti : Des Idées et des Débats sur l'Avenir d'Haiti

Forum Haiti : Des Idées et des Débats sur l'Avenir d'Haiti

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 Programme des Nations-Unies pour gérer la crise alimentaire globale.

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MessageSujet: Programme des Nations-Unies pour gérer la crise alimentaire globale.   Programme des Nations-Unies pour gérer la crise alimentaire globale. EmptyMar 29 Avr 2008 - 19:27

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon announced Tuesday that he will lead a task force to deal with the global food crisis, as the soaring price of fuel makes food unaffordable in many developing nations.


Kiyo Akasaka, the UN deputy secretary-general of Communications and Public Information, said the rising prices have "caught the attention of policy makers," as impoverished people take to the streets to voice their anger.
"We have seen protests in countries like Egypt, Haiti, (Ivory Coast), Burkina Faso and the Philippines," Akasaka told CTV Newsnet.

"The causes are familiar: oil prices are up, demand from China and India are up, trade restrictions, the conversion of food crops to biofuel, and droughts."

Ban said the first priority is finding US$755 million to meet the funding shortfall for the World Food Programme.
"We anticipate that additional funding will be required," he said in Bern, Switzerland.

However, the task force wants to look beyond just providing emergency aid for crises, he said. For example, the UN Food and Agriculture Organization has established a US$1.7-billion plan to give seeds to farmers in the world's poorest countries.

The price of food staples has shot up around the world. World Bank President Robert Zoellick said the development has left about 100 million more people in poverty in the past two years.

"This is not a natural disaster," he said.

So far, $475 million has been pledged in emergency relief, but Zoellick said that that more will be needed. "This crisis isn't over once the emergency needs are met," he said.
Jennifer Parmalee, a WPF official in Washington, told CTV Newsnet on Tuesday that her agency will be looking mainly to traditional donors, including Canada, "which was our third-largest donor last year."

The WPF's cost of obtaining food has gone up by 55 per cent just in the last nine months, she said, adding the world humanitarian community considers this the worst food crisis in 40 years.

Roots of the global crisis
On Sunday, the World Food Programme's John Powell told CTV's Question Period that skyrocketing food prices hurt poor nations the hardest.

"In Canada, Australia or here in Europe, typically, a family will spend 10 to 20 percent of their income on food," he said.
"If you're a poor person in a developing country, we're talking about 60 to 80 percent of your income being spent on food. That's a huge difference and a hugely difficult position that these people find themselves in."

To pay for food, people do the following, he said:
Take their children out of school;
Skip medical care;
Cut back to two from three meals per day; and
Shift to less nutritious food

These steps are particularly hard on the very youngest poor children in these developing nations, Powell said.

"It tips these people already on the razor's edge of survival right into the abyss," Parmalee said.

A variety of factors has been blamed for the crisis:
Speculation by investors trading in food commodities;
Unpredictable weather and climate change;
Rising oil prices; and
Growing demand from the increasingly affluent middle classes of China and India
The crisis has sparked violent protests in the Caribbean, Africa and Asia.

On Monday, Zoellick praised Ukraine for lifting a ban on exporting food because countries had to think globally about easing this crisis.

"We are urging countries not to use export bans," he said.
With files from The Associated Press
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MessageSujet: Re: Programme des Nations-Unies pour gérer la crise alimentaire globale.   Programme des Nations-Unies pour gérer la crise alimentaire globale. EmptyMer 30 Avr 2008 - 21:54

Il faut que les chinois et les Indiens cessent de multiplier comme des lapins pour pouvoir permettre a l'agriculture de rattraper le deficit alimentaire de la planète.ceux qui veulent depenser de l'argent pour enrichir les marchands d'armes au mepris des souffrances des ventres creux doivent etre aussi dénoncés.

On doit rendre hommage a Fidel Castro qui avait predit cette crise alimentaire.
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