Forum Haiti : Des Idées et des Débats sur l'Avenir d'Haiti
Forum Haiti : Des Idées et des Débats sur l'Avenir d'Haiti
Forum Haiti : Des Idées et des Débats sur l'Avenir d'Haiti
Vous souhaitez réagir à ce message ? Créez un compte en quelques clics ou connectez-vous pour continuer.

Forum Haiti : Des Idées et des Débats sur l'Avenir d'Haiti

FOROM AYITI : Tèt Ansanm Pou'n Chanje Ayiti.
 
AccueilAccueil  GalerieGalerie  PortailPortail  ÉvènementsÉvènements  PublicationsPublications  RechercherRechercher  S'enregistrerS'enregistrer  Connexion  
Le Deal du moment : -43%
PHILIPS – Machine à café dosette ...
Voir le deal
39.99 €

 

 Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti

Aller en bas 
4 participants
Aller à la page : Précédent  1, 2, 3
AuteurMessage
jafrikayiti
Super Star
Super Star



Masculin
Nombre de messages : 2236
Localisation : Ottawa
Date d'inscription : 21/08/2006

Feuille de personnage
Jeu de rôle: Bon neg guinen

Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti   - Page 3 Empty
MessageSujet: Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti    Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti   - Page 3 EmptyMer 7 Nov 2012 - 22:57

Rappel du premier message :

Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti

http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2012/09/201293072613719320.html

Haiti's brutal paramilitary campaigns received scant media coverage, while "political violence" was decried at length.

The Revolutionary Front for the Liberation of Haiti was instrumental in the 2004 coup d'état that deposed Aristide [EPA]

In the aftermath of the 2010 earthquake that devastated Haiti, certain media outlets painted a picture of a country overrun by looters and at the mercy of gang members and other criminals, including thousands of prisoners jolted free by the quake.

Relevant details were ignored, such as the contention by prominent Haitian human rights attorney Mario Joseph that 80 per cent of said prisoners had never been charged. The media effort perhaps aided in rendering less incongruous in the eyes of the international public the deployment of a sizeable US military force to deal with quake-affected people who did not seemingly require military attention.

A Reuters dispatch from one week after the disaster - which reported "marauding looters", "scavengers and looters swarm[ing] over damaged stores", "increasingly lawless streets" and "[h]eavily armed gang members" - offered the following plea from policeman Dorsainvil Robenson:

"Haiti needs help ... the Americans are welcome here. But where are they? We need them here on the street with us."

The whereabouts of the ever-elusive Americans are of course hinted at two paragraphs later, when we learn that "the White House said more than 11,000 US military personnel are on the ground, on ships offshore or en route". Elsewhere, French Co-operation Minister Alain Joyandet was quoted as commenting in reference to seemingly skewed US priorities: "This is about helping Haiti, not about occupying Haiti". As foreign military monopolised the Port-au-Prince airport, teams of paramedics and first responders were delayed in the critical hours immediately following the earthquake.

Subscribers to the fantasy that the US is somehow qualified to counteract violence and install order in the Caribbean nation would do well to peruse a new book entitled Paramilitarism and the Assault on Democracy in Haiti, in which author Jeb Sprague masterfully documents - among other topics - the detrimental role of US and fellow international actors in Haitian history.

Offering new evidence obtained through interviews and a massive amount of formerly classified US government documents, the book clarifies how Haiti's post-quake reconstruction rests on a foundation of total impunity achieved by the country's most brutal paramilitaries and their financiers.

Legacy of violence

As Sprague notes, the US occupation of Haiti from 1915-1934 under "the pretext of possible German encroachment during the First World War… caused the deaths of an estimated 15,000 Haitians and saw the imposition of slave labour". It also imposed "a modern army, one that would continue the US occupation long after US troops were gone", functioning on behalf of the Haitian elite and their American counterparts. Observes Sprague: "The US occupation wedded the country’s future to North American business interests."

Later, during the reign of Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier in the 1960s, US Marines trained the dictator’s Tonton Macoutes paramilitary force, known for "leaving bodies of their victims hanging in public, a clear warning to anyone stepping out of line, most especially leftists, socialists and pro-democracy activists". Linked to the business elite and the military itself, the Macoutes were "vital for upholding a system based on severe inequality and class privilege".

Following the transfer of power to Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier, a brutal counter-insurgency force known as the Leopards was trained and equipped "by former US marine instructors who were working through a company (Aerotrade, Inc and Aerotrade International, Inc) under contract with the CIA and signed off by the US Department of State".

Prior to becoming Haiti's first democratically elected president in early 1991, the young liberation theologian, Jean-Bertrand Aristide "denounced the historic role of the United States in founding, arming and training Haiti's military, which had been responsible for so much of the violence in Haitian history".

Sprague quotes Aristide: "They [the United States] set up the Haitian Army, they trained it to work against the people". Indeed, it would be difficult to argue that the army was working for the people by massacring citizens attempting to vote in 1987, or by overthrowing the newly elected Aristide in September 1991 and slaughtering his supporters.

Aristide's coup-inducing crimes included inviting street children and homeless persons to breakfast at the National Palace and endeavouring to raise the daily minimum wage from $1.76 to $2.94. As Joanne Landy wrote in the New York Times in 1994, the latter effort was "vigorously opposed by the US Agency for International Development because of the threat such an increase would pose to the 'business climate', particularly to American companies paying rock-bottom wages to workers in Haiti".

Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti   - Page 3 Parami10

Aside from USAID, another relevant euphemism from the coup period was the Front for the Advancement and Progress of Haiti (FRAPH), a paramilitary organisation intimately linked to the Haitian military that assumed the task of terrorising the non-elite masses under the military junta. "Internal US government documents reveal that FRAPH was founded in part at the behest of the US Defence Intelligence Agency," Sprague notes.

Recycling brutality

After years of brutality and corruption, the military dictatorship faced growing resistance at home and abroad. Aristide was thus reinserted in his lawful post in 1994 in exchange for, inter alia, committing to be more attentive to the needs of the US agriculture industry and drastically slashing tariffs on imported rice.

Upon reinstatement, he logically moved - with overwhelming public support - to disband the armed forces and the section chiefs (the hated rural constabulary). His government, and the elected governments that followed him, also gathered testimonials from thousands of victims of paramilitary violence and undertook judicial proceedings to prosecute military and paramilitary criminals.

However, as researcher Eirin Mobekk has critically pointed out and Sprague has underscored, "only the army as an institution was dissolved… In a country where the army had run political life for decades it was an illusion to think that its networks would disappear with the removal of uniforms and the use of its buildings for other purposes".

US contributions to the dissolution of the army included maneouvering to insert allied Haitian ex-military officials into what was supposed to be a civilian police force and eliminating officers seen as overly loyal to Aristide or less than enthusiastic about the coup. Some Haitian police officers were trained in the United States, where they were susceptible to overtures by the CIA, which also funded various FRAPH leaders and other paramilitaries.

Given the high level of impunity enjoyed by military and paramilitary members who had committed atrocities - not to mention US insistence on a full amnesty for the coup perpetrators - it is somewhat less than astonishing that Aristide's re-election in 2000 also culminated in a coup d'état. Instrumental in the overthrow was the Revolutionary Front for the Liberation of Haiti (FLRN), which as Sprague explains was "led by renegade police officials who were from among the same ex-FAd'H [Haitian Armed Forces] pushed into the country’s new security force by the United States in the late 1990s".

Backed by some wealthy Haitians, neo-Duvalierists, sweatshop owners, and government and army officials from the neighbouring Dominican Republic (who didn't want Aristide's anti-military, pro-human rights rhetoric rubbing off on their own citizenry), the FLRN staged incursions into Haiti from Dominican territory with the ultimate goal of forcing the re-establishment of the Haitian army.

Of course, the sign of any good army is its ability to safeguard the domestic population, and these incursions provided the FLRN with an opportunity to showcase its skills - which it did by massacring and assaulting supporters of Aristide's Fanmi Lavalas party, often with sickening tactics. Citing formerly classified US embassy cables, Sprague uncovers how a small but powerful fifth column within the government was also working to undermine Aristide.

According to Sprague, it is likely that French and US intelligence facilitated the paramilitary insurgency in some way, while "the International Republican Institute (an organisation funded by the US government that promotes 'democratisation programmes' around the world) provided a forum through which the [Haitian] political opposition strengthened its ties with the paramilitaries".

As journalist Max Blumenthal has documented, the IRI benefitted in its underhanded dealings from the diplomacy of Roger Noriega, an Iran-Contra-era figure recycled into the Bush II administration along with his Cold War Manichean fantasies according to which Aristide and anyone else with less than extreme right-wing political convictions is a communist demon.

Sprague aptly comments that US' "knowledge that [sectors of] Haiti's 'business community' [were] strongly backing paramilitary terror underscores the cynicism of Washington’s constant demands that Aristide seek 'compromise' with his 'peaceful opponents'". In the end, the compromise consisted of Aristide's removal on a US military plane to the Central African Republic in 2004 and the installation of Gerard Latortue as head of state. The ensuing peace is recalled by historian Greg Grandin:

"During Latortue's brief stint in office, 2004 - 2006, Haiti experienced some 4,000 political murders, according to The Lancet - while hundreds of Fanmi Lavalas members, Aristide supporters, and social movement leaders were locked up - usually on bogus charges. Latortue's friends in Washington looked the other way."

Sprague, meanwhile, observes that "Bill Clinton's [former] policy of inserting a handful of ex-FAd’H criminals into Haiti's police force… was now put on steroids" and that "in 2004 -5 the United States and the UN oversaw the recycling of 400 ex-army paramilitaries into a revamped police force" - paving the way for yet more repetitions of history.

Media coups

Why is it that Haiti's brutal paramilitary campaigns received scant international press attention while quantitatively and qualitatively inferior political violence by a small number of Fanmi Lavalas supporters (which occurred in the context of clashes with the opposition) was decried at length?

Obviously, media coverage is shaped by geopolitical and financial interests, with the terms of events defined by the powerful. This is how, for example, terrorism conducted by the US and Israel becomes "counter-terrorism", "self-defence" and "democracy promotion" in the Western mainstream media.

Sprague documents how, in the case of Haiti, the press in the US, France, Canada and other locales undertook to demonise Aristide and rebrand the violent and unpopular uprising against him as non-violent and popular. As US-trained FLRN commander Guy Philippe remarked to journalist Isabel McDonald following the coup: "[The] international media, the media leaders helped us a lot. And thanks to them we were able to overthrow the dictator. And without them I don't think that we could have". "

Obviously, media coverage is shaped by geopolitical and financial interests, with the terms of events defined by the powerful."

In an essay for the London Review of Books, Paul Farmer describes how Aristide was made the scapegoat for crimes committed by the very people who overthrew him. Summarising Philippe's pre-coup history, which involved reincarnation as a police chief following the demobilisation of the military, Farmer writes:

"During his tenure, the UN International Civilian Mission learned, dozens of suspected gang members were summarily executed, most of them by police under the command of Philippe's deputy. The US embassy has also implicated Philippe in drug smuggling during his police career. Crimes committed in large part by ex-military policemen are often pinned on Aristide, even though he sought to prevent coup-happy human rights abusers from ending up in these posts." Farmer also noted that "Philippe has been quoted as saying that the man he most admires is Pinochet". The bloody legacy of the Chilean dictator offers a reminder of how helpful US-backed coups and violence can be when it comes to introducing neoliberal reforms.

After the second overthrow of Aristide, Sprague writes, the temporary regime set about "securing [Haiti] as a platform through which global capital could flow freely", in accordance with instructions from the IMF and other interested parties:

"The interim government laid off between eight and ten thousand civil sector workers, many from the poorest slums of Port-au-Prince. Other programmes under the Aristide government, such as subsidised rice for the poor, literacy centres and water supply projects, came to a halt following the coup d'état."

The long-fantasised-about mass privatisation of Haitian state assets, however, appeared more difficult to pull off - until, that is, the country was shattered by the 2010 earthquake and control over Haiti's energy, water and other sectors was divvied up between international players like the World Bank and USAID. The 2011 debut of singer-turned-head of state Michel Martelly, elected with the support of a mere 16.7 per cent of the electorate and described by former Financial Times journalist Matt Kennard as a "shock president" prepared to enforce economic shock therapy, seems to have set the stage for the conversion of Haiti into a neoliberal fairytale kingdom.

It is fitting that Martelly, whose presidential objectives include a resurrection of the Haitian armed forces rather than the pursuit of projects benefitting the majority of the nation's citizens, is himself a longtime close associate of Duvalier's paramilitary Tonton Macoutes.

Belen Fernandez is the author of The Imperial Messenger: Thomas Friedman at Work, released by Verso in 2011. She is a member of the Jacobian Magazine editorial board, and her articles have appeared in the London Review of Books blog, AlterNet and many other publications.



Dernière édition par jafrikayiti le Dim 9 Déc 2012 - 16:07, édité 1 fois
Revenir en haut Aller en bas

AuteurMessage
Thunder
Super Star
Super Star
Thunder


Masculin
Nombre de messages : 4690
Localisation : Planet Earth (Milky Way Galaxy)
Loisirs : Target Practice, Sports Cars, Konpa...
Date d'inscription : 24/08/2006

Feuille de personnage
Jeu de rôle: Le gardien

Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti   - Page 3 Empty
MessageSujet: Re: Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti    Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti   - Page 3 EmptyVen 21 Déc 2012 - 5:58

Joel a écrit:
POU MOUN KI RAYI ARISTIDE YO ;FOR THE ARISTIDE HATERS:

IT IS EQUALLY PLAUSIBLE THAT ARISTIDE SUCCEEDED IN PERMANENTLY RAISING THE POLITICAL AND SOCIAL CONSCIOUSNESS (NOT TO MENTION THE EXPECTATIONS) OF HAÍTI'S DISADVANTAGED MASSES AND THUS CREATED A FORCE WHICH THE NEXT GENERATION OF POLITICAL LEADERS WILL EITHER HAVE TO PLACATE OR MANIPULATE
(JAMES FOLEY ,U.S EMBASSADOR TO HAITI-CITÉ PAR JEFF SPRAGUE)

The same Foley argues:

I am ready to work with "a government" that can, among other things,
"organize free and honest elections" and that can also "disarm the gangs"
that have caused so much harm in Haiti.

September 2003.
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Joel
Super Star
Super Star



Masculin
Nombre de messages : 17434
Localisation : USA
Loisirs : Histoire
Date d'inscription : 24/08/2006

Feuille de personnage
Jeu de rôle: Le patriote

Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti   - Page 3 Empty
MessageSujet: Re: Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti    Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti   - Page 3 EmptyVen 21 Déc 2012 - 9:36

Thunder a écrit:
Joel a écrit:
POU MOUN KI RAYI ARISTIDE YO ;FOR THE ARISTIDE HATERS:

IT IS EQUALLY PLAUSIBLE THAT ARISTIDE SUCCEEDED IN PERMANENTLY RAISING THE POLITICAL AND SOCIAL CONSCIOUSNESS (NOT TO MENTION THE EXPECTATIONS) OF HAÍTI'S DISADVANTAGED MASSES AND THUS CREATED A FORCE WHICH THE NEXT GENERATION OF POLITICAL LEADERS WILL EITHER HAVE TO PLACATE OR MANIPULATE
(JAMES FOLEY ,U.S EMBASSADOR TO HAITI-CITÉ PAR JEFF SPRAGUE)





The same Foley argues:

I am ready to work with "a government" that can, among other things,
"organize free and honest elections" and that can also "disarm the gangs"
that have caused so much harm in Haiti.

September 2003.

SEPTEMBER 2003?
PUBLIC STATEMENT MADE BY FOLEY ;AFTER REPLACING BRIAN DEAN CURRAN.IMPLEMENTING THE POLICY OF HIS HANDLERS IN THE STATE DEPARTMENT.


FIRST QUOTE ON THIS POST.
DATED,JULY 2004.
Lè sa a ,yo te deja ranvèse ARISTIDE ;NÈG TANKOU W YO TE DEJA DI KE ARISTIDE SE YON PAJ TOUNE ,LÈ REPRESYON KONT MESYE LAVALAS YO ;TE LAN PAROXISM LI.

Se yon KAB ke FOLEY te adrese bay DEPATMAN DETA:

CABLE 3E088FF
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
jafrikayiti
Super Star
Super Star



Masculin
Nombre de messages : 2236
Localisation : Ottawa
Date d'inscription : 21/08/2006

Feuille de personnage
Jeu de rôle: Bon neg guinen

Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti   - Page 3 Empty
MessageSujet: Re: Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti    Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti   - Page 3 EmptyLun 21 Jan 2013 - 18:58

Important update on Sprague's book:

http://jebsprague.blogspot.ca/2013/01/paramilitarism-in-haiti-photo-montage.html
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Joel
Super Star
Super Star



Masculin
Nombre de messages : 17434
Localisation : USA
Loisirs : Histoire
Date d'inscription : 24/08/2006

Feuille de personnage
Jeu de rôle: Le patriote

Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti   - Page 3 Empty
MessageSujet: Re: Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti    Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti   - Page 3 EmptyMar 22 Jan 2013 - 5:36

JAF;

Mwen remèsye w dèske ou te REKÒMANDE liv sa a.Mwen konprann mwen te konnen sa k te pase vre.Mwen tande radyo AYITI ,li JOUNAL ,pwo e kont LAVALAS men mwen pa t konnen vre 1/4 lan sa k te pase.

Gen de fwa lè mwen te konn tande pwopagann anti-LAVALAS yo ;sa te konn mete ti DOUT lakay mwen.
JEFF SPRAGUE ak tout DOKIMAN li mete yo ;kelkelanswa ak AKTÈ DOMINIKEN yo,AKTÈ AYISYEN yo ,AKTÈ AMERIKEN yo ;misye efase tout DOUT.

Pou NÈG RNDDH lan ki ap IMAJINE ""MASAK LA SIRI"" an ;se pou misye gade FOTO FANMI CLEONOR SOUVERAIN ke ""PARAMILITÈ"" yo te sasinen lan PLATO SANTRAL.
JEFF SPRAGUE te pran preske yon PAJ pou l DEKRI MASAK sa a.Gade FOTO ti GASON an sou CHÈZ ROULANT lan ;SPRAGUE di ti GASON sa a ,vin EGARE lè li wè sa k rive FANMI L.
Mwen si ke PATIZAN LAVALAS yo ann AYITI pa konn bagay sa yo ;paske si yo te konn sa e yon MOUN ta di yo pou yo REKONÈT ke LAVALAS te fè ERÈ ;si yo te chita ,se pou yo ta leve e frape moun sa yo ak chèz lan.

CLEONOR SOUVERAIN te fè yon sèl ""krim""';li te reprezante FANMI LAVALAS lan BELLADÈRES.

C.L.R JAMES te byen di:

But today as then ,the great propertied interests AND THEIR AGENTS commit the most ferocious crimes in the name of the whole people and bluff and brow-beat them BY LYING PROPAGANDA
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Thunder
Super Star
Super Star
Thunder


Masculin
Nombre de messages : 4690
Localisation : Planet Earth (Milky Way Galaxy)
Loisirs : Target Practice, Sports Cars, Konpa...
Date d'inscription : 24/08/2006

Feuille de personnage
Jeu de rôle: Le gardien

Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti   - Page 3 Empty
MessageSujet: Re: Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti    Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti   - Page 3 EmptyMer 23 Jan 2013 - 1:37

Citation :
IT IS EQUALLY PLAUSIBLE THAT ARISTIDE SUCCEEDED IN PERMANENTLY RAISING THE POLITICAL AND SOCIAL CONSCIOUSNESS (NOT TO MENTION THE EXPECTATIONS) OF HAÍTI'S DISADVANTAGED MASSES AND THUS CREATED A FORCE WHICH THE NEXT GENERATION OF POLITICAL LEADERS WILL EITHER HAVE TO PLACATE OR MANIPULATE
(JAMES FOLEY ,U.S EMBASSADOR TO HAITI-CITÉ PAR JEFF SPRAGUE)

It is equally plausible... compare to what?

Eske Sprague te site ak ki agiman ke Foley t ap konpare sa ke l di an?

Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Thunder
Super Star
Super Star
Thunder


Masculin
Nombre de messages : 4690
Localisation : Planet Earth (Milky Way Galaxy)
Loisirs : Target Practice, Sports Cars, Konpa...
Date d'inscription : 24/08/2006

Feuille de personnage
Jeu de rôle: Le gardien

Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti   - Page 3 Empty
MessageSujet: Re: Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti    Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti   - Page 3 EmptyMer 23 Jan 2013 - 1:52


Mwen konnen ke chak diktatè genyen admiratè pa yo. Men de gras, montre yon ti desans, sispann derespekte memwa viktim yo. Sispann di ke se yon "masak imajinè". Se pa paske asasen yo ap pawoze ki fè ke sa pa t fèt vre.
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Joel
Super Star
Super Star



Masculin
Nombre de messages : 17434
Localisation : USA
Loisirs : Histoire
Date d'inscription : 24/08/2006

Feuille de personnage
Jeu de rôle: Le patriote

Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti   - Page 3 Empty
MessageSujet: Re: Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti    Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti   - Page 3 EmptyMer 23 Jan 2013 - 8:07

THUNDER;

Ou mèt voye monte jan w vle.DWAT lan pa p k ap siviv ann AYITI jan li ye an.Sa enposib.
AYITI pa tèlman diferan de rès AMERIK lan.
Nou gen jan nou renmen di ke POLITIK AMERIKEN pa chanje.
Se pa vre ,mwen obsève politik AMERIKEN an ase pou m wè CHANJMAN.
KERRY pa madan CLINTON.Si w vle ma mete pasaj DISKOU KERRY te fè lan SENA a ,an 2004 pou li blame mesye BUSH yo sou sa ki te pase ann AYITI an.
Sa pa etonan pou nou wè sa ki te pase JONAS SAVIMBI lan ANGOLA a ak mesye APARTHEID yo rive nou.
Mesyedam EKSTRÈM DWAT REPIBLIKEN yo te konn fè GWO RESEPSYON pou JONAS SAVIMBI lan WASHINGTON rele misye ""KONBATAN LIBÈTE"" ;sa pa t anpeche ke lè ,lè an rive ,se te CLINTON ki te di kote misye te ye e yo te voye AVYON al bonbade l.
Se CIA ki te di gouvènman APARTHEID lan kote MANDELA te ye ;lè yo t al arete l.Gouvènman AMERIKEN an te di misye se yon ""kominis"".Kounye an misye se yon ""SEN"".
Se sa sèlman m ap di nou!
Balon an lan pye nou ;tou depan de jan n ap dirije.Kontinye ""fighting the last war"" tankou yo di.
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Thunder
Super Star
Super Star
Thunder


Masculin
Nombre de messages : 4690
Localisation : Planet Earth (Milky Way Galaxy)
Loisirs : Target Practice, Sports Cars, Konpa...
Date d'inscription : 24/08/2006

Feuille de personnage
Jeu de rôle: Le gardien

Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti   - Page 3 Empty
MessageSujet: Re: Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti    Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti   - Page 3 EmptyJeu 24 Jan 2013 - 3:04

Mwen pa janm di ke politik Ameriken pa janm chanje. Se yon moun ki avèg e soud ki ka repete yon bagay konsa. Yon lòt ekzanp apre sa ke w bay yo... Apa yo te depanse plizyè milya dola pou mennen "demokrasi" tounen an 1994, epi se menm administrasyon Ameriken saa ki te flanke yon anbago sou menm rejim ke l te pote tounen an sèlman 6 lane de sa.

Pa kont, sa mwen toujou di nou, se ke sispann konte ze nan bounda poul. Nou toujou pare pou n gonfle lestomak nou chak fwa ke nou panse ke van w ap vire nan Etazini epi pli souvan se nad marinad. Yon ekzanp, gade ki jan ke nou te fete isit lan pou Obama nan lespwa ke tout GNBis ta pral anba "kòd" e latriye... Vwalatilpa, Obama trete Aristide pi mal ke BUSH te trete l. Alò wou panse ke Obama se yon nèg sòt? Oubyen li se yon "ekstrèm dwatis"?

Mwen di nou sa chak jou, yon moun pa bezwen makout, ekstrèm dwatis, fiyèt lalo, GNBis, Manigatis, Latortuetis, e latriye... pou ka wè ke Aristide se youn nan kansè ke peyi an soufri. Anako-popilism lan se youn nan barikad ki sou wout developman peyi an.
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Joel
Super Star
Super Star



Masculin
Nombre de messages : 17434
Localisation : USA
Loisirs : Histoire
Date d'inscription : 24/08/2006

Feuille de personnage
Jeu de rôle: Le patriote

Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti   - Page 3 Empty
MessageSujet: Re: Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti    Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti   - Page 3 EmptyJeu 24 Jan 2013 - 5:07

Tounen ak ZAFÈ ANAKO POPILISM ou an.
DIVALYERIS ap rele mesye LAVALAS yo ANAKO POPILISM.Mwen pa di w DIVALYERIS non ;mwen pa konnen w ;men w panse menm jan ak yo.
Se tankou lòt bò FWONTYÈ an,an DOMINIKANI gen moun ki gen NOSTALJI TRUJILLO ak BALAGUER.Y ap di ke pa t gen VÒLÒ,KIDNAPING,KRIM konsa lè mesye sa yo te sou pouvwa a.
Men tou ,DOMINIKEN yo gen defo pa yo se vre men yo pa lan rans ak TROUJILIS ak BALAGUERIS BOUT DI.

Mwen pèswade ke w ap soufle "'past the graveyard"'.Eleksyon LIB genyen pou l tounen ann AYITI.
Nou menm FA-CHIS ak NEYO-FA-CHIS nou pa gen AVNI.
Nou pa gen fòs ase pou nou kontinye ap ENTIMIDE e TOUYE MOUN.
Ak ZAFÈ ZE an pa ka tounen lan BOUNDA POUL lan ;se pa sa nou t ap repete an 1994 epi nou tonbe blame CLINTON ki retounen ARISTIDE ;pa paske l te renmen l ,men pou bezwen politik ENTÈN li.

Yon bagay m ap di nou ;veye zo nou.KERRY PA MADAN CLINTON.Madan CLINTON a DWAT lan politik ETRANJÈ ,se pa mwen ki ap di l ;se kòmantatè yo.
KERRY limenm definitivman lan SANT-GÒCH.Se la li te toujou ye ;lan tout KARYÈ POLITIK li.
KERRY konn AYITI ;li konn EKSTRÈM DWAT KÒLÒWÒCH ANTI-DEMOKRATIK AYISYEN an.
Nou pa ka predi LAVNI men tou AYITI ka vini yon peyi NÒMAL ,menm jan ak rès peyi lan AMERIK LATIN yo a leksepyon de ONDIRAS
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Contenu sponsorisé





Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti   - Page 3 Empty
MessageSujet: Re: Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti    Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti   - Page 3 Empty

Revenir en haut Aller en bas
 
Paramilitarism and the assault on democracy in Haiti
Revenir en haut 
Page 3 sur 3Aller à la page : Précédent  1, 2, 3

Permission de ce forum:Vous ne pouvez pas répondre aux sujets dans ce forum
Forum Haiti : Des Idées et des Débats sur l'Avenir d'Haiti :: Haiti :: Espace Haïti-
Sauter vers: