EXCERPTS FROM PETER HALLWARD'S BOOK:
''DAMMING THE FLOOD ,HAITI AND THE POLITICS OF CONTAINMENT""
The year 2000 is the pivotal moment of the LAVALAS political sequence to date.In the year that ARISTIDE was finally in a position to harness his principles and popularity to a systematic program of significant social change.
It's also the year that it became clear to the enemies of the LAVALAS movement that narrow parliamentary maneuverings would no longer suffice to divide and divert it.
By 2000,ARISTIDE'S OPPONENTS BOTH IN HAITI AND ABROAD REALIZED THEY NEEDED TO DEVELOP A NEW AND MORE ACTIVE PROGRAM OF DESTABILIZATION AND COUNTER MOBILIZATION.
In keeping with a familiar formula ,this program included four distinct though mutually reinforcing components :
A)the preparation on the model of NICARAGUA'S CONTRAS of a force for paramilitary intervention so as to create a CLIMATE OF FEAR AND INSECURITY AND UNDERMINE GOVERNMENT AUTHORITY,obliging it to take costly measures of self-defense.
B)Intensified forms of economic pressure and asssault ,so as to bankrupt the government and limit its capacity to deliver on its promises to alleviate poverty and inequality
C)The recruitment of suitably ""pluralist"" representative of the public sector and civil society ,including members of internationally validated non-governmental organizations,which might be presented as a legitimate opposition to the government .
D)The MANAGEMENT OF A MEDIA DESINFORMATION CAMPAIGN TO CHARACTERIZE THE GOVERNMENT AS CORRUPT,AUTHORITARIAN AND UNDEMOCRATIC.
All of these measures were designed to provoke the government or at least some of its more frustated supporters into responding in ways that might plausibly be presented as brutal and dictatorial,which might then recruit new members to the ""democratic"" opposition and motivate new forms of ""popular"" protests,in turn soliciting renewed bursts of ""brutality""
Once the cycle started to spiral out of control.THE FOREIGN ALLIES OF THE LOCAL ELITE WOULD GET THEIR CHANCE TO STEP IN AND SAVE THE DAY.
AS IT HAPPENED LAVALAS RESISTANCE WAS STRONG ENOUGH TO KEEP THEM WAITING FOR FOUR LONG YEARS
DAMMING THE FLOOD;HAITI AND THE POLITICS OF CONTAINMENT ;BY PETER HALLWARD