Forum Haiti : Des Idées et des Débats sur l'Avenir d'Haiti
Forum Haiti : Des Idées et des Débats sur l'Avenir d'Haiti
Forum Haiti : Des Idées et des Débats sur l'Avenir d'Haiti
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 Presyon lan dengonn OBAMA pou l leve ANBAGO sou KIBA a

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Joel
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Nombre de messages : 17331
Localisation : USA
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Date d'inscription : 24/08/2006

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Presyon lan dengonn OBAMA pou l leve ANBAGO sou KIBA a  Empty
MessageSujet: Presyon lan dengonn OBAMA pou l leve ANBAGO sou KIBA a    Presyon lan dengonn OBAMA pou l leve ANBAGO sou KIBA a  EmptyDim 12 Oct 2014 - 6:08

www.nytimes.com/2014/10/12/opinion/sunday/end-the-us-embargo-on-cuba.html                                                             Lan yon EDITORYAL ke y ap pale de li EDITORYALIS NEW YORKTIMES yo di OBAMA ke li lè pou yo leve ANBAGO sou KIBA a.
Editoryalis yo di ke sa pa fè SANS POLITIKMAN e EKONOMIKMAN ankò.
Mesye DEMOKRAT yo te toujou PÈ ke si yo chanje POLITIK yo a pwopo KIBA ;y ap pèdi FLORID ki se yon ETA ENPÒTAN sou KAT ELEKTORAL PREZIDANSYÈL lan..
NY TIMES di ke menm eskiz sa a pa ekziste ankò ,paske pou la premyè FWA ,majorite KIBEN lan MIAMI yo pou leve ANBAGO an.
EDITORYALIS yo di ke POLITIK lan AMERIK LATIN lan chanje e si ETAZINI pa chanje ak yo ,y ap vin yon GRENN SENK bagay ki pa lan ENTERÈ yo EKONOMIKMAN ak POLITIKMAN!

End the U.S. Embargo on Cuba
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By THE EDITORIAL BOARD OCT. 11, 2014
Photo

Havana in June 2011. Credit Desmond Boylan/Reuters
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Scanning a map of the world must give President Obama a sinking feeling as he contemplates the dismal state of troubled bilateral relationships his administration has sought to turn around. He would be smart to take a hard look at Cuba, where a major policy shift could yield a significant foreign policy success.

For the first time in more than 50 years, shifting politics in the United States and changing policies in Cuba make it politically feasible to re-establish formal diplomatic relations and dismantle the senseless embargo. The Castro regime has long blamed the embargo for its shortcomings, and has kept ordinary Cubans largely cut off from the world. Mr. Obama should seize this opportunity to end a long era of enmity and help a population that has suffered enormously since Washington ended diplomatic relations in 1961, two years after Fidel Castro assumed power.

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RELATED COVERAGE

Jan. 18, 1959: Fidel Castro’s Cuba
Oct. 21, 1960: The Export Embargo
Aug. 22, 1975: Step Toward Cuba
Oct. 10, 1995: Progress on Cuba
June 4, 2009: Mr. Obama, Cuba and the O.A.S.
Dec. 13, 2013: Lift the Cuban Embargo
In recent years, a devastated economy has forced Cuba to make reforms — a process that has gained urgency with the economic crisis in Venezuela, which gives Cuba heavily subsidized oil. Officials in Havana, fearing that Venezuela could cut its aid, have taken significant steps to liberalize and diversify the island’s tightly controlled economy.

They have begun allowing citizens to take private-sector jobs and own property. This spring, Cuba’s National Assembly passed a law to encourage foreign investment in the country. With Brazilian capital, Cuba is building a seaport, a major project that will be economically viable only if American sanctions are lifted. And in April, Cuban diplomats began negotiating a cooperation agreement with the European Union. They have shown up at the initial meetings prepared, eager and mindful that the Europeans will insist on greater reforms and freedoms.

The authoritarian government still harasses and detains dissidents. It has yet to explain the suspicious circumstances surrounding the death of the political activist Oswaldo Payá. But in recent years officials have released political prisoners who had been held for years. Travel restrictions were relaxed last year, enabling prominent dissidents to travel abroad. There is slightly more tolerance for criticism of the leadership, though many fear speaking openly and demanding greater rights.

The pace of reforms has been slow and there has been backsliding. Still, these changes show Cuba is positioning itself for a post-embargo era. The government has said it would welcome renewed diplomatic relations with the United States and would not set preconditions.

As a first step, the Obama administration should remove Cuba from the State Department’s list of nations that sponsor terrorist organizations, which includes Iran, Sudan and Syria. Cuba was put on the list in 1982 for backing terrorist groups in Latin America, which it no longer does. American officials recognize that Havana is playing a constructive role in the conflict in Colombia by hosting peace talks between the government and guerrilla leaders.

Starting in 1961, Washington has imposed sanctions in an effort to oust the Castro regime. Over the decades, it became clear to many American policy makers that the embargo was an utter failure. But any proposal to end the embargo angered Cuban-American voters, a constituency that has had an outsize role in national elections.

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The generation that adamantly supports the embargo is dying off. Younger Cuban-Americans hold starkly different views, having come to see the sanctions as more damaging than helpful. A recent poll found that a slight majority of Cuban-Americans in Miami now oppose the embargo. A significant majority of them favor restoring diplomatic ties, mirroring the views of other Americans.

The Obama administration in 2009 took important steps to ease the embargo, a patchwork of laws and policies, making it easier for Cubans in the United States to send remittances to relatives in Cuba and authorizing more Cuban-Americans to travel there. And it has paved the way for initiatives to expand Internet access and cellphone coverage on the island.

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254 COMMENTS

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Fully ending the embargo will require Congress’s approval. But there is much more the White House could do on its own. For instance, it could lift caps on remittances, allow Americans to finance private Cuban businesses and expand opportunities for travel to the island.

It could also help American companies that are interested in developing the island’s telecommunications network but remain wary of the legal and political risks. Failing to engage with Cuba now will likely cede this market to competitors. The presidents of China and Russia traveled to Cuba in separate visits in July, and both leaders pledged to expand ties.

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RECENT COMMENTS

BB 5 minutes ago
I have been to Cuba a number of times to study the health care system. I have seen the effects of the embargo including the lack of...
Thunder 9 minutes ago
We must never forgive Cuba for kicking out the Mafia and shutting down the gambling and prostitution that were so profitable. And using...
sujeod 13 minutes ago
The time is long over due. Time to get changes made and accept Cuba before someone else does. Then, the US will be out forever.
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Cuba and the United States already have diplomatic missions, called interests sections, that operate much like embassies. However, under the current arrangement, American diplomats have few opportunities to travel outside the capital to engage with ordinary Cubans, and their access to the Cuban government is very limited.

Restoring diplomatic ties, which the White House can do without congressional approval, would allow the United States to expand and deepen cooperation in areas where the two nations already manage to work collaboratively — like managing migration flows, maritime patrolling and oil rig safety. It would better position Washington to press the Cubans on democratic reforms, and could stem a new wave of migration to the United States driven by hopelessness.

Closer ties could also bring a breakthrough on the case of an American development contractor, Alan Gross, who has been unjustly imprisoned by Cuba for nearly five years. More broadly, it would create opportunities to empower ordinary Cubans, gradually eroding the government’s ability to control their lives.

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In April, Western Hemisphere heads of state will meet in Panama City for the seventh Summit of the Americas. Latin American governments insisted that Cuba, the Caribbean’s most populous island and one of the most educated societies in the hemisphere, be invited, breaking with its traditional exclusion at the insistence of Washington.

Given the many crises around the world, the White House may want to avoid a major shift in Cuba policy. Yet engaging with Cuba and starting to unlock the potential of its citizens could end up being among the administration’s most consequential foreign-policy legacies.

Normalizing relations with Havana would improve Washington’s relationships with governments in Latin America, and resolve an irritant that has stymied initiatives in the hemisphere. The Obama administration is leery of Cuba’s presence at the meeting and Mr. Obama
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